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Georgia's Impressive Civil War History
From the National Civil War Naval Museum at Port Columbus to the Andersonville Prison National Historic Site, Georgia features a rich and diverse Civil War history. Plan your next trip to the Peach State and explore as many of these top historic Civil War sites as you can.
1. Battle of Pickett's Mill
When you visit to Georgia has you in the northern region, be sure to explore Pickett's Mill Historic Site. Located just outside of Atlanta, not far from Kennesaw and Marrieta, Pickett's Mill was the site of the May 1864 battle that saw the Confederate troops successfully defend the town of Dallas. Opened in 1990, this site is 765 acres of serene wilderness and pastures. As you explore Pickett's Mill Historic Site, you're more than likely to find evidence of old trenches and earthworks.
2. Andersonville National Historic Site
In central Georgia find the Andersonville Prison. Drive in from nearby Americus and explore, what is now, the Andersonville National Historic Site. During the Civil War this site was known as Camp Sumter, a Confederate prison-of-war camp. As you embark on your exploration of the Andersonville NHS, be sure to also check out two other major landmarks found within: the Andersonville National Cemetery and the National Prisoner of War Museum.
3. Battle of Kennesaw Mountain
As just one of the many Atlanta Campaign fights, the Battle of Kennesaw Mountain took place on June 27, 1864. The Confederates, under the command of General Joseph E. Johnson warded off an attack from Union Major General William T. Sherman and his forces. The Kennesaw Mountain National Battlefield is a quick drive from nearby Hiram.
4. Fort Mcallister
Any visit to Savannah along Georgia's coast should also include Civil War history. Make your way to the Fort McAllister Historic Park in Richmond Hill, just south of Savannah. The Battle of Fort McAllister occurred on December 13, 1864, when Commander William B. Hazen and his 4,000 Union soldiers made quick work of George Wayne Anderson and his 250 Confederate allies. Today, Fort McAllister HSP features walking and hiking trails, picnic shelters, a playground, and the annual 4th of July BBQ, Picnic, and Craft Show – all found across 1,725 acres.
5. Fort Pulaksi
Stick to Georgia's coast and check out Fort Pulaski National Monument. Head out to Cockspur Island and explore this massive, five-sided edifice. Fort Pulaski's main objective was to protect the city of Savannah from naval attacks. With its walls made of brick and 11 feet thick, it was thought no cannon artillery could penetrate. Early in 1862, Fort Pulaski came under attack by Union forces, and by April 11th of that year, had fallen to opposition forces. Today at Fort Pulaski, you'll find guided tours, walking trails – don't miss the North Pier Trail – and the Fort Pulaski Visitor Center & Museum offers one-of-a-kind insights.
6. The Battle of Chickamauga
In the far northwest of Georgia you'll find the Chickamauga & Chattanooga National Military Park. Known as the "Gateway to the Deep South," this historic site is a short drive from Rome and Cartersville. Fought September 18th through 20th, 1863, this conflict was massive, with more than 128,000 soldiers fighting for this respective armies. It was the bloodiest battle of the entire war, with 34,000 casualties. Today, the entirety of this site has different units, like the Lookout Mountain Battlefield and the Chickamauga Battlefield. Many guests enjoy exploring the Lookout Mountain Visitor Center, and the Chickamauga Battlefield Visitor Center.
7. National Civil War Naval Museum at Port Columbus
Make plans to visit west-central Georgia – check out the National Civil War Museum at Port Columbus. An ideal afternoon activity for your stay in Columbus, the charming border city set on the banks of the Chattahoochee River, this Civil War museum offers unique perspectives across its more than 40,000 square feet. Within this museum, find exceptional exhibits – don't miss a view of the CSS Jackson (or what remains, that is), the USS Hartford, and the Civil War Naval Timeline exhibit is a can't-miss. Many guests also enjoy the Flag Collection.
Be one of the nearly 55,000 annual visitors who enjoy tours of the Atlanta Cyclorama & Civil War Museum. You can find this impressive museum in Grant Park, just south of Interstate 20 in downtown Atlanta. Any visit to this museum must include a trip to the Cyclorama – it's a panoramic painting of the Battle of Atlanta. Unrolled, this painting would measure 358 feet long and 42 feet high. Impressive, to say the least. The Civil War Museum section of this site features a wide range of unique and interesting artifacts from the Civil War, and the movie theater within offers viewings of a short film about the Battle of Atlanta.
Bloody Marsh Battle Site
Located east of Brunswick, the Bloody Marsh Battle Site preserves the event where a force of British troops ambushed and defeated Spanish troops who were planning on Fort Frederica. The Coastal Georgia site is filled with markers and information panels, detailing how the battle ended Spain's claims to Georgia.
Make plans to visit Georgia soon, and be sure to include a stay in Brunswick – it yields quick and easy trips to the nearby Bloody Marsh Battle Site. There are many ways to explore and enjoy the Georgia coast, and a day spent at the Bloody Marsh Battle Site is one of the most ideal.
Fort Morris State Historic Site
See some early Amerian history in Georiga. Visit Fort Morris State Historic Site and tour the remains of Fort Morris. A historic attraction near Richmond Hill, this fort was a heavy center of activity during the American Revolution and the War of 1812, where British and American forces clashed for control of Coastal Georgia.
Aside from the fort's remains, the site includes a museum, visitors center, picnic sites, and nature trail. Bird watching is also a popular pastime in the area. There is a long list of ways to maximize your spend along the Georgia coast – be sure to take an afternoon to enjoy a tour of Fort Morris.