Greece, officially the Hellenic Republic, is a country in Southern Europe. Athens is the capital and the largest city in the country. Modern Greece traces its roots to the civilization of ancient Greece, generally considered the cradle of Western civilization. As such it is the birthplace of democracy, philosophy, the Olympic Games, literature, political science, major scientific and mathematical principles and drama, including both tragedy and comedy.
The famous whitewashed homes and charming blue-domed churches only characterize a specific region of the country (the Cyclades Islands). Architecture varies greatly from one region to the next depending on the local history. The nation's terrain is just as varied as its architectural heritage: idyllic beaches, towering mountain ranges, wine-producing valleys, vast stretches of olive orchards in the south, and lush forests in the north. Greece has a large variety of cities and villages in the mainland but also thousands of islands. Due to its highly indented coastline and numerous islands, Greece has the 11th longest coastline in the world.
Athens' Elefthérios Venizélos International Airport located near the Athens suburb of Spáta is the country's largest, busiest airport and main hub. Greece has a lot of international airports in major cities and islands, mainland train lines and a plethora of boat routes.
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